Entomology and Plant Pathology
Dr. Frank Hale, Professor
Professional Interest: Hale is Professor for the University of Tennessee Extension with statewide Extension responsibilities since 1992 for entomology of horticultural crops [turf (sports turf, sod, golf course and landscape), ornamentals (landscape, nursery, greenhouse and interiorscape), fruit (small fruit and tree fruit), vegetables (greenhouse and field grown)] and dark type tobacco. These high value crop areas are composed of hundreds of different cultivars, each with their own pest complex, that require a high level of expertise to manage. The rapid growth in the horticultural industry, especially in landscape management, requires a major educational outreach.
Areas of Interest & Accomplishments: As an Extension entomologist for most of his career, Hale has emphasized the delivery of effective IPM programs. Recent activities include a fruit pest news web site and a multi-media approach to in-depth, hands on pest identification workshops utilizing insect specimens, dissecting microscopes, a document camera and PowerPoint presentations. Research activities include management of Nantucket pine tip moth in Christmas trees; a maple shoot borer, Proteoteras aesculana, in maple; ambrosia beetle in landscape and nursery settings; flatheaded appletree borer and other wood-boring insects in the landscape; woolly apple aphid on crabapples; and tobacco aphids on dark type tobacco, obsure scale on oak, and oak lecanium.
Leadership Roles: Hale is an active member of the ESA and the Tennessee
Entomological Society. In ESA, he has served as Co-Chair, Local Arrangements
Committee for the Annual Meeting of the ESA in Nashville (1997). He has
served the Southeastern Branch ESA as a member of the Resolutions Committee
and Co-Chair of the Vegetable Insect Symposium (1998). Hale served as president of the Southeast Branch ESA for 2010 - 2011. Hale has served
on various committees of the Tennessee Entomological Society, is a past
President and is currently Society Historian. Hale
is active in the Southern Nursery Association Research Conference where
he has served as Chairman/Editor and Moderator of the Entomology Section
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